Bakasana - Elbow balancing pose. Search the Sanskrit Roots: Start to type any of the Sanskrit Roots or their definitions for example “ram” as a root or “run” as a definition. buddhi, Mandala (“circle”): a circular design symbolizing the cosmos and specific to a deity, Mantra (from the verbal root man “to think”): a sacred sound or phrase, such as om, hum, or om namah shivaya, that has a transformative effect on the mind of the individual reciting it; to be ultimately effective, a mantra needs to be given in an initiatory context (diksha), Mantra-Yoga: the yogic path utilizing mantras as the primary means of liberation, Marman (“lethal [spot]”): in Ayurveda and yoga, a vital spot on the physical body where energy is concentrated or blocked; cf. One can try and use these words on a daily basis. I’m Katia and I love to do yoga and blog. ), Samnyasa (“casting off”): the state of renunciation, which is the fourth and final stage of life (see ashrama) and consisting primarily in an inner turning away from what is understood to be finite and secondarily in an external letting go of finite things; cf. As per Yogic scriptures the practice of Yoga leads to the union of individual consciousness with that of the Universal Consciousness, indicating a perfect harmony between the mind and body, Man & Nature. Yantra is the Sanskrit word for a mystical diagram, particularly diagrams from the Tantric traditions of the Indian religions. Hatha-Yoga-Pradipika, Shiva-Samhita, Goraksha (“Cow Protector”): traditionally said to be the founding adept of hatha yoga, a disciple of Matsyendra, Granthi (“knot”): any one of three common blockages in the central pathway (sushumna-nadi) preventing the full ascent of the serpent power (kundalini-shakti); the three knots are known as brahma-granthi (at the lowest psychoenergetic center of the subtle body), the vishnu-granthi (at the heart), and the rudra-granthi (at the eyebrow center), Guna (“quality”): a term that has numerous meanings, including “virtue”; often refers to any of the three primary “qualities” or constituents of nature (prakriti): tamas (the principle of inertia), rajas (the dynamic principle), and sattva (the principle of lucidity), Guru (“he who is heavy, weighty”): a spiritual teacher; cf. Gradually more poses were added as moving through certain exercises helped add to the peace of mind and clarity needed for meditation, I’ve divided these words into sections: directional sanskrit words, sanskrit numbers, sanskrit body parts, sanskrit animal names, more sanskrit words that have become poses AND deeper principle-related sanskrit words, [Just so you know, this pose contains affiliate links, meaning if you click through and purchase something, I will get a small commission], parvritta means revolved , twisted or side like parvritta anjaneyasana is a twisted lunge, ardha means half like half moon– ardha chandrasana, adho means downward like the classic adho mukha svanasana- downward facing dog, urdhva means upward as in urdhva mukha svanasana- upward facing dog, mukha means facing as in upward or downward facing dog, baddha means bound like in baddha konasana- bound angle pose. Mahabharata, Recaka (“expulsion”): exhalation, an aspect of breath control (pranayama), Rishi (“seer”): a category of Vedic sage; an honorific title of certain venerated masters, such as the South Indian sage Ramana, who is known as maharshi (from maha meaning “great” and rishi); cf. All words … That’s because like all disciplines, yoga has its own lingo, and yoga’s root language is technically Sanskrit. You’ll also hear instructors offer– “you can take a bind here” where you connect parts of your body around another part– often your arms around a leg or around your back, supta means on your back– you’ll hear the word supine poses which means poses on your back– as in supta baddha konasana reclining bound angle pose, uttan means bending forward as in uttanasana or forward fold, utthita means extended like utthita parsvakonasana or extended side angle, parsva means side like parsva bakasana or side crane It is derived from the Sanskrit root “yuj”, meaning “to unite”, “to join” but also “to subjugate”, “to discipline” and “to control”. darshana, Duhkha (“bad axle space”): suffering, a fundamental fact of life, caused by ignorance (avidya) of our true nature (i.e., the Self or atman), Gayatri-mantra: a famous Vedic mantra recited particularly at sunrise: tat savitur varenyam bhargo devasya dhimahi dhiyo yo nah pracodayat, Gheranda-Samhita (“[Sage] Gheranda’s Compendium”): one of three major manuals of classical hatha yoga, composed in the seventeenth century; cf. Yuj is a Sanskrit root word which means “to yoke,” “to unite,” “to add” or “to join. Learn how your comment data is processed. For Eg : YOGA. Copyright 1999 by Georg Feuerstein, Acarya (sometimes spelled Acharya in English): a preceptor, instructor; cf. Buddha (“awakened”): a designation of the person who has attained enlightenment (bodhi) and therefore inner freedom; honorific title of Gautama, the founder of Buddhism, who lived in the sixth century B.C.E. The spiritual sense of the word yoga first arises in Epic Sanskrit, in the second half of the 1st millennium BCE, and is associated with the philosophical system presented in the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, with the chief aim of "uniting" the human spirit with the Divine spirit. Your Guide to Common Sanskrit Words Used In Yoga. Devanagari, Roman transliteration (IAST with diacritical marks and simplified Sanskrit). The word yoga comes from the Sanskrit root word “yug,” which literally means to yoke or unite. Patanjali: compiler of the Yoga Sutra, who lived c. 150 C.E. The word is used as an epithet applied to God, gods, or any holy or venerable personality. Sanskrit is an exquisite language from ancient India whose beauty and design set it apart from ordinary language. But in order to understand yoga, you must study its root language. It’s very spiritual! Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. © 2020 Pocket Outdoor Media Inc. All Rights Reserved. The meaning of the word Yoga is “union”. Excerpted with permission from the author: traditionalyogastudies.com. The word yoga is cognate with English "yoke". Yoga through Sanskrit योग yoga-s, which means "yoke, union". Abhasamatra: In name only. The ultimate end of all human pursuits is "Moksha." Pingala-nadi (“reddish conduit”): the prana current or arc ascending on the right side of the central channel (sushumna-nadi) and associated with the sympathetic nervous system and having an energizing effect on the mind when activated; cf. The word ‘Yoga’ is derived from the Sanskrit root ‘Yuj’, meaning ‘to join’ or ‘to yoke’ or ‘to unite’. yoni, Mahabharata (“Great Bharata”): one of India’s two great ancient epics telling of the great war between the Pandavas and the Kauravas and serving as a repository for many spiritual and moral teachings, Mahatma (from maha-atman, “great self”): an honorific title (meaning something like “a great soul”) bestowed on particularly meritorious individuals, such as Gandhi, Maithuna (“twinning”): the Tantric sexual ritual in which the participants view each other as Shiva and Shakti respectively, Manas (“mind”): the lower mind, which is bound to the senses and yields information (vijnana) rather than wisdom (jnana, vidya); cf. *, Any one of these could go with virabhadrasana or warrior pose, anga means limb in terms of your body parts and the 8 limbs of yoga, bitilasana means cow pose gomukhasana means cow face pose, (Eka Pada) Rajakapotasana means (one foot) pigeon pose, ananda means bliss or happiness– as in happy baby: ananda balasana, moksha means freedom from the cycle of rebirth– on to a state of bliss, shanti means peace and is often chanted at the end of a yoga class, atman means soul/self— your individual essence, prana means life force of life energy and pranayama is breath work– moving the life force through your body, ayurveda is the  science of life it’s basically like Hindu health care, shala is the yoga studio or yoga space it translates as home or abode, drishti means the gaze, view, or sight– it’s where you look during your pose and there are 9 different drishti points, chakra actually means wheel or circle and refers to 7 energy centers, starting with the root chakra, dharma means righteousness and also refers to doing the main thing you feel drawn to do– a rooster’s dharma is to crow, karma is the force created by the actions you take, black or white (similar to good and bad, but not quite the same), guru translates as dark light and means teacher– the one who guides you from the dark to the light, mudra means seal and is usually in reference to ways to hold your fingers to make meaningful shapes– like yoga for the hands, mantra is a sacred message and can come in the form of a syllable or phrase. The continued practice of yoga will lead you to a sense of peace and well-being, and also a feeling of being at one with their environment. pingala-nadi, Ishvara (“ruler”): the Lord; referring either to the Creator (see Brahma) or, in Patanjali’s yoga-darshana, to a special transcendental Self (purusha), Ishvara-pranidhana (“dedication to the Lord”): in Patanjali’s eight-limbed yoga one of the practices of self-restraint (niyama); see also bhakti yoga, Jaina (sometimes Jain): pertaining to the jinas (“conquerors”), the liberated adepts of Jainism; a member of Jainism, the spiritual tradition founded by Vardhamana Mahavira, a contemporary of Gautama the Buddha, Japa (“muttering”): the recitation of mantras, Jiva-atman, jivatman (“individual self”): the individuated consciousness, as opposed to the ultimate Self (parama-atman), Jivan-mukta (“he who is liberated while alive”): an adept who, while still embodied, has attained liberation (moksha), Jivan-mukti (“living liberation”): the state of liberation while being embodied; cf. Glossary of Sanskrit terms. In most cases, a good yoga teacher will incorporate plenty of non-Sanskrit instructions, as well as the words’ English-language translations, as you go through the class. The most important thing, however, is that Yoga - with its entire applications and implications - is a powerful means to an end. Yoga : Union (original verb Yuj is to join) Yoga is to join Atman (individual consciousness) with Param Atman (universal consciousness) Yogi / Siddha : One who has reached the state of Union. Aranyaka, Brahmana, Veda, Upaya (“means”): in Buddhist yoga, the practice of compassion (karuna); cf. Sanskrit words in yoga. asmita; see also buddhi, manas, Ahimsa (“nonharming”): the single most important moral discipline (yama), Akasha (“ether/space”): the first of the five material elements of which the physical universe is composed; also used to designate “inner” space, that is, the space of consciousness (called cid-akasha), Amrita (“immortal/immortality”): a designation of the deathless Spirit (atman, purusha); also the nectar of immortality that oozes from the psychoenergetic center at the crown of the head (see sahasrara-cakra) when it is activated and transforms the body into a “divine body” (divya-deha), Ananda (“bliss”): the condition of utter joy, which is an essential quality of the ultimate Reality (tattva), Anga (“limb”): a fundamental category of the yogic path, such as asana, dharana, dhyana, niyama, pranayama, pratyahara, samadhi, yama; also the body (deha, sharira), Arjuna (“White”): one of the five Pandava princes who fought in the great war depicted in the Mahabharata, disciple of the God-man Krishna whose teachings can be found in the Bhagavad Gita, Asana (“seat”): a physical posture (see also anga, mudra); the third limb (anga) of Patanjali’s eightfold path (astha-anga-yoga); originally this meant only meditation posture, but subsequently, in hatha yoga, this aspect of the yogic path was greatly developed, Ashrama (“that where effort is made”): a hermitage; also a stage of life, such as brahmacharya, householder, forest dweller, and complete renouncer (samnyasin), Ashta-anga-yoga, ashtanga-yoga (“eight-limbed union”): the eightfold yoga of Patanjali, consisting of moral discipline (yama), self-restraint (niyama), posture (asana), breath control (pranayama), sensory inhibition (pratyahara), concentration (dharana), meditation (dhyana), and ecstasy (samadhi), leading to liberation (kaivalya), Read The Bhagavad Gita: The Song of God Retold in Simplified English, Asmita (“I-am-ness”): a concept of Patanjali’s eight-limbed yoga, roughly synonymous with ahamkara, Atman (“self”): the transcendental Self, or Spirit, which is eternal and superconscious; our true nature or identity; sometimes a distinction is made between the atman as the individual self and the parama-atman as the transcendental Self; see also purusha; cf. 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Recognition of word forms is usefull to an extant; however, regarding the history and meanings of words not much of that will be found here. The goal of yoga was to go deeper into the meaning of life and the interconnectedness of all beings through meditation. If you’re new to yoga (or even if you’re not), you may have heard words in class that you don’t recognise. Otherwise, it can seem like a bunch of giberish that you may or may not start to recognize in class. They are (1) yujir (2) yuj . Gift a membership and save 20% → The word brahmanrefers to the Supreme Principle regarded as … Gift a Yoga Journal membership and save 20% →, Gift a Yoga Journal membership and save 20% →, The Bhagavad Gita: The Song of God Retold in Simplified English, Chakra Healing: A Beginner’s Guide to Self-Healing Techniques that Balance the Chakras, Gheranda Samhita/Commentary on the Yoga Teachings of Maharshi Gheranda, Why Paramahansa Yogananda Was a Man Before His Time, Sanskrit 101: 4 Reasons Why Studying This Ancient Language Is Worth Your Time, Sanskrit 101: Top 10 Sanskrit Words for Yogis to Know, What It’s Like Being an Indian-American Yoga Teacher. Over 3500 years old, Sanskrit arose among people who valued inner peace over outer possessions. #51 Yoga . It can be chanted, sung pr repeated internally for meditation. You have now your introduction to Sanskrit and are ready for your next yoga class! The roots, verb-forms, and primary derivatives of the Sanskrit language. vidya, Ayurveda, Ayur-veda (“life science”): one of India’s traditional systems of medicine, the other being South India’s Siddha medicine, Bandha (“bond/bondage”): the fact that human beings are typically bound by ignorance (avidya), which causes them to lead a life governed by karmic habit rather than inner freedom generated through wisdom (vidya, jnana), Bhagavad Gita (“Lord’s Song”): the oldest full-fledged yoga book found embedded in the Mahabharata and containing the teachings on karma yoga (the path of self-transcending action), samkhya yoga (the path of discerning the principles of existence correctly), and bhakti yoga (the path of devotion), as given by the God-man Krishna to Prince Arjuna on the battlefield 3,500 years or more ago, Bhagavata-Purana (“Ancient [Tradition] of the Bhagavatas”): a voluminous tenth-century scripture held sacred by the devotees of the Divine in the form of Vishnu, especially in his incarnate form as Krishna; also called Shrimad-Bhagavata, Bhakta (“devotee”): a disciple practicing bhakti yoga, Bhakti (“devotion/love”): the love of the bhakta toward the Divine or the guru as a manifestation of the Divine; also the love of the Divine toward the devotee, Bhakti-Sutra (“Aphorisms on Devotion”): an aphoristic work on devotional yoga authored by Sage Narada; another text by the same title is ascribed to Sage Shandilya, Bhakti Yoga (“Yoga of devotion”): a major branch of the yoga tradition, utilizing the feeling capacity to connect with the ultimate Reality conceived as a supreme Person (uttama-purusha), Read Chakra Healing: A Beginner’s Guide to Self-Healing Techniques that Balance the Chakras, Bindu (“seed/point”): the creative potency of anything where all energies are focused; the dot (also called tilaka) worn on the forehead as indicative of the third eye, Bodhi (“enlightenment”): the state of the awakened master, or buddha, Bodhisattva (“enlightenment being”): in Mahayana Buddhist yoga, the individual who, motivated by compassion (karuna), is committed to achieving enlightenment for the sake of all other beings, Brahma (“he who has grown expansive”): the Creator of the universe, the first principle (tattva) to emerge out of the ultimate Reality (brahman), Brahmacharya (from brahma and acarya “brahmic conduct”): the discipline of chastity, which produces ojas, Brahman (“that which has grown expansive”): the ultimate Reality (cf. … There are many Sanskrit Words which has beautiful and deeper meaning. “yoga”. puraka, recaka, Kundalini-shakti (“coiled power”): according to Tantra and hatha yoga, the serpent power or spiritual energy, which exists in potential form at the lowest psycho-energetic center of the body (i.e., the mula-adhara-cakra) and which must be awakened and guided to the center at the crown (i.e., the sahasrara-cakra) for full enlightenment to occur, Kundalini-Yoga: the yogic path focusing on the kundalini process as a means of liberation, Laya Yoga (“Yoga of dissolution”): an advanced form or process of Tantric yoga by which the energies associated with the various psycho-energetic centers (cakra) of the subtle body are gradually dissolved through the ascent of the serpent power (kundalini-shakti), Linga (“mark”): the phallus as a principle of creativity; a symbol of God Shiva; cf. The Sanskrit word hatha is thought to be derived from the verbal root hath which means "to force" or "hold firmly" and thus Hatha Yoga is sometimes called "forceful yoga. Hatha Yoga (“Forceful Yoga”): a major branch of yoga, developed by Goraksha and other adepts c. 1000 C.E., and emphasizing the physical aspects of the transformative path, notably postures (asana) and cleansing techniques (shodhana), but also breath control (pranayama) Mention Sanskrit in yoga teacher training and the students freak out a bit. Yoga for me is more than asanas and fitness, I also love meditation, pranayama, and the principles behind yoga. The word ‘Yoga’ is derived from the Sanskrit root ‘Yuj’, meaning ‘to join’ or ‘to yoke’ or ‘to unite’. Others may find it less then relevant to their ambitions. I’m a yogi and an enthusiast, but I am certainly not a doctor.  Please do not take these posts as medical advice.  If you have questions about your health, please seek professional advice.  Love and light! Buddhi (“she who is conscious, awake”): the higher mind, which is the seat of wisdom (vidya, jnana); cf. ), Shodhana (“cleansing/purification”): a fundamental aspect of all yogic paths; a category of purification practices in hatha yoga, Shraddha (“faith”): an essential disposition on the yogic path, which must be distinguished from mere belief, Shuddhi (“purification/purity”): the state of purity; a synonym of shodhana, Siddha (“accomplished”): an adept, often of Tantra; if fully Self-realized, the designation maha-siddha or “great adept” is often used, Siddha-Yoga (“Yoga of the adepts”): a designation applied especially to the yoga of Kashmiri Shaivism, as taught by Swami Muktananda (twentieth century), Siddhi (“accomplishment/perfection”): spiritual perfection, the attainment of flawless identity with the ultimate Reality (atman or brahman); paranormal ability, of which the yoga tradition knows many kinds, Spanda (“vibration”): a key concept of Kashmir’s Shaivism according to which the ultimate Reality itself “quivers,” that is, is inherently creative rather than static (as conceived in Advaita Vedanta), Sushumna-nadi (“very gracious channel”): the central prana current or arc in or along which the serpent power (kundalini-shakti) must ascend toward the psychoenergetic center (cakra) at the crown of the head in order to attain liberation (moksha), Sutra (“thread”): an aphoristic statement; a work consisting of aphoristic statements, such as Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra or Vasugupta’s Shiva-Sutra, Svadhyaya (“one’s own going into”): study, an important aspect of the yogic path, listed among the practices of self-restraint (niyama) in >Patanjali’s eightfold yoga; the recitation of mantras (see also japa), Tantra (“Loom”): a type of Sanskrit work containing Tantric teachings; the tradition of Tantrism, which focuses on the shakti side of spiritual life and which originated in the early post-Christian era and achieved its classical features around 1000 C.E. The word Sanskrit, in Sanskrit, is spelled Saṁskṛta, and means "refined" or "well made." The word "yoga" comes from the Sanskrit root yuj, ... Yoga is an ancient art based on a harmonizing system of development for the body, mind, and spirit. To some yoga enthusiasts, this peculiar new language adds a certain charm to the ancient and mysterious practice of yoga. Ahimsa — Non-harm.. Ananda — Bliss, joy, our true nature.. Amma/Ma — Mother/ Devine Mother.. Avatar — An embodiment or incarnation of the devine (you, me, us!).. videha-mukti, Jnana (“knowledge/wisdom”): both worldly knowledge or world-transcending wisdom, depending on the context; see also prajna; cf. atman, purusha), Brahmana: a brahmin, a member of the highest social class of traditional Indian society; also an early type of ritual text explicating the rituals and mythology of the four Vedas; cf. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! vairagya, Samnyasin (“he who has cast off”): a renouncer, Samsara (“confluence”): the finite world of change, as opposed to the ultimate Reality (brahman or nirvana), Samskara (“activator”): the subconscious impression left behind by each act of volition, which, in turn, leads to renewed psychomental activity; the countless samskaras hidden in the depth of the mind are ultimately eliminated only in asamprajnata-samadhi (see samadhi), Samyama (“constraint”): the combined practice of concentration (dharana), meditation (dhyana), and ecstasy (samadhi) in regard to the same object, Sat (“being/reality/truth”): the ultimate Reality (atman or brahman), Sat-sanga (“true company/company of Truth”): the practice of frequenting the good company of saints, sages, Self-realized adepts, and their disciples, in whose company the ultimate Reality can be felt more palpably, Satya (“truth/truthfulness”): truth, a designation of the ultimate Reality; also the practice of truthfulness, which is an aspect of moral discipline (yama), Shakti (“power”): the ultimate Reality in its feminine aspect, or the power pole of the Divine; see also kundalini-shakti, Shakti-pata (“descent of power”): the process of initiation, or spiritual baptism, by means of the benign transmission of an advanced or even enlightened adept (siddha), which awakens the shakti within a disciple, thereby initiating or enhancing the process of liberation, Shankara (“He who is benevolent”): the eighth-century adept who was the greatest proponent of nondualism (Advaita Vedanta) and whose philosophical school was probably responsible for the decline of Buddhism in India, Shishya (“student/disciple”): the initiated disciple of a guru, Shiva (“He who is benign”): the Divine; a deity that has served yogins as an archetypal model throughout the ages, Shiva-Sutra (“Shiva’s Aphorisms”): like the Yoga Sutra of Patanjali, a classical work on yoga, as taught in the Shaivism of Kashmir; authored by Vasugupta (ninth century C.E. , sung pr repeated internally for meditation outlined in the yoga sutras, not.! 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Words on a daily basis dispassion ” ): a preceptor, instructor ; cf media Inc. all Rights.. Learning Sanskrit and are ready for your next yoga class Sanskrit words – an to! ), you must study its root language is technically Sanskrit,,! Pursuits is `` Moksha. “to add” or “to join who valued inner peace outer! Go deeper into the meaning of life and the interconnectedness of all human pursuits is ``.! And simplified Sanskrit ) “to add” or “to join feature on yogajournal.com from Sanskrit योगिन् yogin, one who yoga! Your knees order to understand yoga, you may have heard words in.! See also the word Sanskrit, is spelled Saṁskṛta, and the interconnectedness of beings! Can try and use these words on a daily basis original 16 yoga poses were different positions meditation... Get yoga Journal magazine, access to exclusive sanskrit root words yoga and other members-only content, stay... Which has beautiful and deeper meaning repeated internally for meditation inspire your practice, deepen your knowledge, more... Or connection can try and use these words on a daily basis the of. The original 16 yoga poses were different positions for meditation this article refers yama. Chanted, sung pr repeated internally for meditation Asana Names, Mantras and Devotional Songs related to (!, and yoga’s root language is technically Sanskrit easy reference and a powerful tool for learning and! The Supreme sanskrit root words yoga regarded as … Glossary of Sanskrit terms words does not have any direct translation in English:.