Which name is it exactly? In summer they are shiny dark green above and downy below. Black tupelo (two-puh-low), sourgum, Pepperidge, tupelogum, black gum…these are all names for the Nyssa Sylvatica. Individual male flowers are about 1/8" (3 mm.) The leaves flutter easily in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy. The black gum tree is found in moist areas of the eastern United States and is sometimes grown as an ornamental. Mature Height: 35-45 feet. Location: Look for this tree in moist soils of valleys and uplands in hardwood and pine forests. With over 400 tree varieties for review, the Treefinder app enables you to conveniently browse and compile a list of trees suitable for a number of common landscaping uses - from attracting birds to creating a formal screen or hedge. These nativars are hardy, easy to care for, maintain a consistent shape and provide stunning multi … Often crowded toward the tips of branches. Tupelo or nyssa is a small genus consisting of 9 – 11 species. In September, its dark green foliage gives way to intense red fall color with hues of orange, yellow, and purple, which makes it a wonderful selection for home landscapes. They usually have a 1.5-foot to 3-foot (45 cm. FUN TREE FACT: Black tupelo is a honey plant. Black gum is a tall tree with horizontal branches and a flat-topped crown. The tree’s shiny, green, elliptical leaves vary from two to ­five inches in length and turn purple, then scarlet or yellow in autumn, making it a popular ornamental. Where to Plant: Great tree for a narrow space in your yard or in a planting strip with no overhead power lines. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. Like many trees, the Black Tupelo, also called the Black Gum tree and the Sour Gum, barely makes it into the edible realm. However, the often-unsung trees of the swamps are the tupelo and blackgum trees, including three species of Nyssa that go by a variety of overlapping common names. Black gum, species of tupelo tree prized for its scarlet autumnal foliage. Comments: The name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Muskogee words ito (tree) and opilwa (swamp). Min. Nyssa sylvatica 's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph; the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat.. The word “Nyssa” refers to a water nymph in Greek, whereas “tupelo” is of an American origin. One of those is the Black Tupelo that graces the center of the Rambl e. street tree planting width: 6 feet. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. The binomial name of black tupelo is Nyssa sylvatica. Tree Shape: Upright oval. Nyssa sylvatica - Tupelo / Black Gum Tree Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with horizontal branches. Bark rough, dark grey, broken into many-sided plates; on younger trees, pale brown or grey; branches brown; twigs green to … wide, straight trunk, although you may occasionally see a split trunk. It really depends on where you’re from. It is also known by the name “beetlebung” on Marthas Vineyard, because it was historically used to make mallets that pound the cork (or “beetle”) into barrels before they were loaded onto ships. Hence the tree was named in honor of the mythological Greek water nymph, Nyssa. What it needs: Afterburner® Black Tupelo is adaptable to urban conditions including compacted, poorly drained soils and even occasional drought. Male flowers are produced in small umbels on slender peduncles about ½-1" long. Tupelo, Pepperidge, Sour or Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica, Marsh. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. The tree’s roots spread out on all sides of the tree, and they produce sprouts that can turn into new trees. The most widely distributed member in North America is the black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black gum, sour gum, or pepperidge tree.It grows in woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. Nyssa sylvatica ‘Haymansred’ Also known as black gum, this species of tupelo is a very useful plant trademarked (named) by J. Frank Schmidt in Boring, Oregon. Tupelo is a favored wood for wildfowl carvings. Leaves:Glossy green leaves turn brilliant shades of red in fall. Black Tupelo (Center of the Ramble) Of the 18,000 trees in Central Park, only 150 date back to its creation in 1857. Afterburner® Black Tupelo is a medium-sized shade tree which can be used anywhere in the landscape. Tree does best in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Leaves are alternate, simple, oval-elliptical, and lack teeth. Female trees need a male pollinator to set fruit. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Black Tupelo is polygamo-dioecious, producing male and either female or perfect flowers on separate trees. It comes from the Creek words ito ‘tree’ and opilwa ‘swamp’. It is sometimes included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by other authorities in the family Nyssaceae. Fruit: 3/8" blue-black drupe. In the western Panhandle, one is most likely to see a swamp tupelo/swamp blackgum ( Nyssa sylvatica var. Author David Posted on July 20, 2016 November 22, 2019 Categories native deciduous, Tree identification Tags aged blackgum tupelo trees begin decaying from the top, axe and electric chain saw not effective cutting black tupelo, birds love tupelo berries, black tupelo, blackgum tupelo identification, blackgum tupelo is also known as black tupelo or blackgum or sourgum or … Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. biflora ). It is often one of the first trees to bud in the spring as well as the first to have its leaves turn in the fall. Potential Problems: No major problems, but some susceptibility to leaf spots, canker, rust, leaf miner, and scale. There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime ( Nyssa ogeche ) and Water Tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ), This article primarily focuses on Nyssa silvatica but many points could apply to either of the other species. Tupelo Tree: Facts, Info on Tupelo Trees. Here is some general information on tupelo trees. )-A medium-sized tree of variable shape, 50 to 100 feet high, with short, rigid, twiggy, horizontal branches. With its stunning fall foliage, black gum trees (Nyssa sylvatica) paint the landscape striking shades of yellow, orange, scarlet and purple. Black tupelo gum trees were also once prolific in the area, and it is this tree that is noted for its dazzling red foliage in the fall. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. He saw it in a fence row, … Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. 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