Like the Cities in Motion report, the many lessons contained in the series are intended to help cities learn from each other as they debate policies and strategies to minimise their environmental footprint. Existing guidelines for measuring cities. Inter-American Development Bank? Another measure is a city’s carbon footprint, which is the total amount of greenhouse gases it produces. In fact, research from the Earth Institute Research Program on Sustainability Policy and Management at Columbia University uncovered 557 distinct sustainability indicators in use today.. You don’t need to track all of these indicators — nor should you try to! Ecological footprints are measured in global hectares (gha) per capital; the global average is around 2.6. The number included direct emissions from the metropolitan area, as well as emissions produced in the metro area but consumed elsewhere, such as goods manufactured in cities. It also has excellent recycling plants and waste-to-energy facilities, and has made major investments in its transport system. Also provided are methodological suggestions that apply to the process of identifying and using sustainable development indicators. Natural Resources Defense Council? (2007) 20 cities, UK (population over 300k). Land, energy, water. Above all, Copenhagen's standout attribute is consistency. New York University? Cashion East This is the first article in a series that will explore in more detail the ins and outs of creating a sound, useful, and robust sustainability index for your organization. Cape Town, for example, has established a comprehensive Energy and Climate Change Action Plan to improve green performance in many of the eight categories. European Commission? The IHS-GCI tool can be used to measure EP, to explain possible factors influencing the calculated EPs over time, set targets, track achievements and help in the preparation of a city’s GCAP. How to measure the smartness and sustainability of a city using international standards: The case of Pully. Welcome to Texas, Elon Musk. ABSTRACT Measuring the sustainability of a city, and ranking the city against other cities, is increasingly seen as a way to achieve urban sustainability. ADVERTISEMENTS: Some of the important measures for sustainable development are as follows: (i) Technology: Using appropriate technology is one which is locally adaptable, eco-friendly, resource efficient and culturally suitable. 24 November, 2014. Berliners want to expropriate 250,000 homes. Ford Foundation? More than half of the world’s population lives in cities and that percentage continues to rise. United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. In addition, the Danish capital aims to become the "world's best cycle city" by raising the share of residents who regularly use a bicycle to commute from 36% in 2009 to 50% by 2015. OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development)? CITYNET (Regional Network of Local Authorities for the Management of Human Settlements)? Urban sustainable development needs to be a top priority not only in cities but beyond urban boundaries. The series began in 2009 and covers more than 120 cities in Europe, Latin America, Asia, North America and Africa and seven cities in Australia and New Zealand. Health, access to education, personal safety, good housing standards, employment opportunities and social inequality are all requirements of sustainability and most of these are measured. Measuring urban form and compactness of these cities becomes more important for understanding the spatial urban structure to intervene accordingly for sustainable urban development. Urban sustainability indicators are tools that allow city planners, city managers and policymakers to gauge the socio-economic and environmental impact of, for example, current urban designs, infrastructures, policies, waste disposal systems, pollution and access to services by citizens. Master’s Thesis E, 30 credits. This method is used by United Nation Global Compact Cities programme to … ADVERTISEMENTS: It mostly involves local resources and local labour. World Bank. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. One 2010 study measured the carbon footprint of 12 cities: Beijing, Jakarta, London, Los Angeles, Manila, Mexico City, New Delhi, New York, São Paulo, Seoul, Singapore and Tokyo. The European Union's sustainable towns and cities program built around the Aalborg process is predicated upon monitoring. The work is more embryonic than definitive. ICLEI (Local Governments for Sustainability)? Perhaps the protocols for developing a city sustainability index should be on the agenda at the United Nations Climate Change Conference to be held in Paris later this year. Regional Plan Association? Bandings are used in regions where levels of data quality and comparability do not allow for a detailed numerical ranking. The key reason for Curitiba's outstanding performance is a long history of taking a holistic approach to the environment, which is unusual in the region. sustainability has been limited to environmental and economic concerns, however, social sustainability has begun to receive political and institutional endorsement, becoming entwined with the sustainable communities agenda and the notions of governance, social capital and corporate social responsibility. Singapore is the best city in the waste category, generating only 307 kg of waste per person per year, compared with the Asian Index average of 380 kg. 5. It is worth the bus rapid transit (BRT) was born as well as containing Brazil's first major pedestrian-only street. Technical University Munich? It uses: ... that the Footprint is a measure of 'unsustainability', not a measure of sustainability. And a robust city sustainability index would benchmark where we are now and provide a measure of progress in the future. Both approaches imply good performance in aspects of social satisfaction, health, integration, crime and well-being, all aspects of sustainability, and the CIM report explicitly references some of these (neither mention crime). For this purpose Brazil enacted a City Statute and implemented a Ministry of Cities in 2003 to direct urban planning and to make it more sustainable and inclusive. Climate Change When the data are broken down by neighborhood, the biggest footprints are found in higher income areas where residents have larger homes and are more likely to have private cars. These include: CO2 emissions, energy, buildings, land use, transport, water and sanitation, waste management, air quality and environmental governance. Is it making progress in becoming more sustainable? Summary The objective of this case study is to show how the City of Pully (Switzerland) has used the key performance indicators of the United for Smart Sustainable Cities (U4SSC) to identify the city’s strengths, opportunities for development and challenges. Therefore, it is vital that cities measure their progress in reducing emissions, in order to accomplish aggressive goals. Does AI have a role in smart city recruitment. The world's cities occupy 4 percent of the Earth's land area, yet they are home to more than half of the world's people. Part I: the basics of a sustainability index. London was close to the global average, while Los Angeles had by far the largest, followed by Singapore, New York and Mexico City. An even more recent study of all US households found that those in suburban areas had a much higher footprint than those in the larger cities. These include energy-efficiency awareness programmes paid for by business and low-cost loans to property owners to fund green improvements. Harvard University? Finally, the water footprint of a city is a measure of all the freshwater used to produce all the goods and services consumed within it. Few of these are absolute measures that relate to planetary limits, the point of … Higher density cities have lower carbon footprints, too. And a robust city sustainability index would benchmark where we are now and provide a measure of progress in the future. John Rennie Short is a professor at the School of Public Policy, University of Maryland, Baltimore County . Sustainability measurement is the quantitative basis for the informed management of sustainability. Another measure is a city’s carbon footprint, which is the total amount of greenhouse gases it produces. Although there is a fair degree of agreement concerning the definitions of sustainability and sustainable development, the same cannot be said concerning the best method for measuring these parameters and finding out whether we are really moving in the right direction to guarantee economic and social growth while protecting the environment. For example, successful public transport has had a strong influence on Curitiba's good results in air quality. Waste management is a particular strength. Selection of indicators based on three objectives that reflect the sustainability of a city. City of Jacksonville, US (Metropolitan area population 1.3m) Selection of indicators based on 15 criteria, meets nine objectives. Whilst they may appear obvious, it is my opinion that sometimes when topics are so broad that they invite interpretations (such as the notion of sustainable cities) we can actually lose sight of what it is we are trying to achieve! ISOCARP (International Society of City and Regional Planners)? One potential reason so many companies don’t actively address sustainability despite the attention paid to it by the media and some consumers and investors is that many have no clear definition of it. An exciting body of work is coming up with ways to measure the environmental impact of cities. Neither of these reports present the whole picture, but I would tend to trust the Economist report more, because of the variety of sources used (see below). The specific indicators differ slightly from Index to Index, taking into account data availability and the unique challenges in each region. Among those that do, the definition varies: 55 percent define sustainability as the management of issues related to the environment (for example, greenhouse gas emissions, energy efficiency, waste management, green-product development, and water conservat… Four methods are summarized in this section: The Circles of Sustainability model developed by the Global Compact Cities initiative . 13: 8: Koller (2006) 31 cities, SWZ (population over 20k). 3 Its environmental oversight is consistently strong and it has among the best environmental policies in the Index in each category. 86: 7: Cowley et al. We do tend to equate sustainability more with environmental factors than others. Prof. Peter Drucker . Published. The Green City Index . The city has ambitious transport goals, with a target to have 70% of trips taken during the morning commute to be on public transport by 2020, up from 59% in 2008. Sustainability indicators have a history that predates their application to the built environment. Each city receives an overall Index ranking and a separate ranking for each individual category. URBACT? You deserve to succeed! Written by. These metrics are still in the early stages of development. About half of the indicators in each Index are quantitative – usually data from official public sources, for example, CO2 emissions per capita, water consumption per capita, recycling rates and air pollutant concentrations. Measuring Sustainable Cities: An approach for assessing municipal-level sustainability indicator systems in Sweden Lakin Anderson Lakin Anderson Uppsala University, Department of Earth Sciences Master Thesis E, in Sustainable Development, 30 credits Printed at Department of Earth Sciences, Geotryckeriet, Uppsala University, Uppsala, 2013. But the emphasis on environmental factors arises because human welbeing ultimately depends on access to the resources that provide the fundamental necessities of life, and these resources must be treated in a way that does not compromise the requirements of the future inhabitants of cities. I was sceptical. Lowering CO2 levels can be achieved through the long-term shift towards using renewable energies, vertical gardens , a good supply of alternative means of transport (e.g. They deserve to succeed. That means cities are critical when it comes to preserving our natural resources. A measurement of the overall sustainability of a town or city would incorporate this indicator amongst others. John Rennie Short City of Jacksonville, US (Metropolitan area population 1.3m) Selection of indicators based on 15 criteria, meets nine objectives. For at least a century, there has been a long and increasingly inconclusive debate on how a city is to be defined. The Russian Arctic cities’ Soviet-era design gave them compact and dense population structures. But it does go further in suggesting ways in which cities can improve their performance; for example: The Spanish survey places much more emphasis on economic performance, jobs, technology and governance. Cambridge University? Since the city gained independence in 1965 the government has emphasised the importance of sustainability through holistic planning, high-density development and green-space conservation. Certain urban forms reduce the carbon footprint; these include more compact urban growth, more mass transit and greater use of cleaner, more sustainable energy supplies for buildings and transportation. Original reporting and insights from the world’s leading urban policy journalists and experts. The remainder are qualitative assessments of the city's environmental policies – for example, the city's commitment to sourcing more renewable energy, traffic-congestion-reduction policies and air quality codes. Sustainability measurement in our anti-government era has been largely ignored by government. Subscribe to Smart Cities Dive to get the must-read news & insights in your inbox. Which led to a new way to measure and understand sustainable development called, “Circle of Sustainability”. In fact, most nonprofits exist to achieve this goal and sustain a positive impact over time. Waste management does not feature at all in the Cities in Motion report. I was very pleased to learn that the World Resources Institute and the Rocky Mountain Institute, two of the premier thought leaders around measuring results, are working with cities on the issue of sustainability measurement. Disclaimer: this website does receive some financial support from Siemens, but this has not influenced my thinking. It's clear that with its emphasis on environmental indicators it takes a less holistic approach to the Cities in Motion survey. Cities were chosen on the basis of size and importance. The future of cities: measuring sustainability The future of cities: measuring sustainability When we measure cities now, we are seeking to understand them in order to manage them better and to provide evidence of performance. Singapore is the top performer in the Asian Green City Index and shows consistently strong results across all individual categories, a legacy of its history. The ecological footprint measures how much land and water area a city requires to produce the resources it consumes and to absorb its wastes. How to Measure the Smartness and Sustainability of a City using International Standards The Case of Pully. Winters are cold in Calgary and most people use cars to get around. Percentage of city population with sustainable access to an improved water source; Percentage of population with access to improved sanitation; Total domestic water consumption per capita (litres/day). 86: 7: Cowley et al. Karlsruhe University? The ecological footprint measures how much land and water area a city requires to produce the resources it consumes and to absorb its wastes.. Ecological footprints are measured in global hectares (gha) per capital; the global average is around 2.6. (2007) 20 cities, UK (population over 300k). A role in smart city recruitment management of Human Settlements ) Short is a professor at the School Public! Does not feature at all in the cities in Motion Index be moving toward clearer answers to these questions early. Have problems in estimation and calibration, they provide some startling findings stages development... 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